Eclectic Homes

Heat a Greenhouse With Propane

When temperatures fall, greenhouses prevent seedlings and cold-sensitive plants from being damaged or even damaged. Supplemental heat is frequently needed if you intend on keeping these plants in your greenhouse throughout the winter, however. Propane heaters are just one option for keeping your greenhouse heat and can be found as both installed heaters and portable units. To maximize their efficiency, you should take steps to reduce heat loss in your greenhouse prior to turning the heaters on.


Apply caulk to some joints around doorways, windows or other openings in your greenhouse to prevent heat loss.

Inspect the gaskets on your greenhouse and replace them as necessary. Worn or damaged gaskets allow heat to escape.

Install weather stripping and insulation as essential to further prevent the reduction of heat.

Install an automatic port control system which opens and closes vents dependent on the temperature inside the greenhouse. This allows carbon dioxide to escape, lets oxygen in and handles heat much better than manual vents.

Permanent Heaters

Contact a local propane supplier and inquire about using a propane tank installed close to your greenhouse. If several propane providers operate in your area, request quotes from multiple resources to find the best price on tank installation.

Put in a concrete pad or other flat surface authorized by the propane business that you choose whether the firm does not include pad placement in its setup support. A representative in the company should help you with placement and sizing if necessary.

Put in your heater unit in the greenhouse. If possible, mount the heater reduced on the greenhouse wall so that heating occurs at ground level and rises to avoid cold spots within the greenhouse.

Await the setup crew to arrive with the propane tank. They’ll install the cylinder and the pipe for your heater to make sure it does not leak. When the tank is filled and your heater is connected, the setup crew will test the system to make sure your heater works properly.

Portable Heaters

Clear a space on your greenhouse that’s big enough for the your portable heater and its own propane tank. Make sure the heater and tank are placed on level ground where they will not be disturbed or crowded.

Connect the cylinder to the heater. Open the valve on the cylinder to release enough gas to light the pilot light on the heater.

Adjust the heater settings as required to produce the quantity of heat you want. Switch off the heater and shut the valve on the propane tank once the heater is no more required.

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The ideal Fabric for Re-Covering a Sofa

If your couch is in need of upgrading, reupholstering is a budget-friendly option that could add years to its life. Selecting the best material to cover it depends on your lifestyle and priorities for the new cover. If there’s pets or children in the household, durability and stain resistance are key. If the couch is in a lower-traffic room, designer fabrics with a verdant look might be used. With the right cloth, you can change the look of the entire room and create your old couch appear fresh.

Cotton Twill

For a second update that’s cost efficient, cotton twill is an perfect option. Twill is a tight condition that resists wear and may defy high-traffic use for a number of years, making it a smart selection for a household with pets or children. Multicolored patterns show dirt less than solid-color fabrics. Be careful not to put a cotton-covered sofa close to any potential fire, however, as the cloth can be extremely flammable unless treated.


A choice often found on sofas accessible home furnishing stores, microfiber or microsuede is a comparatively budget-friendly alternative that works well with almost any style of room decoration. Microfibers possess some stain-resistant properties, and could be treated for extra immunity, making clean up easy with a damp (but not overly wet) cloth. The tight weave makes it immune to pet claws, albeit not jammed. Microfibers are widely available in fabric stores in a variety of colors.


A high-density wool or poly-blend velvet is really a sophisticated option that could withstand a lot of wear through time. They are exceptionally versatile fabrics available in a vast array of colours that are cozy and inviting. The fire resistance of velvet depends on its make-up with some choices considered highly flammable, so make sure you check the tag before purchasing if the couch is going to be placed near a potential flame.


Leather is a great option when durability is the maximum concern and cost isn’t. It’s a gorgeous alternative that works well in contemporary and traditional settings alike. It may be treated for stain resistance, and clean-up is easy with a damp cloth. Whether there are pets with sharp claws in the home, be wary allowing them on the leather. Although it is highly durable, if a sharp object does cut through the leather, then it is not possible to restore it to its initial state.

Latex Backed

If you are looking to re-cover a couch in a room that doesn’t find daily usage, or favor a luxurious look, you will find a variety of upholstery fabrics with a satin look and texture that may be utilized. These looser-weave fabrics have more durability when they have a latex back, an option found in the fabric shop’s upholstery section. While they might be more susceptible to tears, the latex maintains the tear from going through to the sofa’s inside, and might be easily repaired with a couple of hand stitches.

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Historical Rate of Mortgage Foreclosures

1 significant gauge of the housing market is that the foreclosure rate: the number of homes at foreclosure expressed as a proportion of the entire stock of privately owned houses. This speed is often quoted in economical reports to show the condition of the housing market and the general U.S. market. The more complicated the foreclosure rate, the more serious an economic recession, if one exists. However, researchers should approach historic comparisons with caution.


Foreclosure rates of the late 2000s are often compared with people of the Great Depression, that happened during the first half of the 1930s. But, there were not any public or private agencies keeping tabs on foreclosure prices at that moment. Indeed, the government still does not keep an official statistic on the number of homes at foreclosure or repossessed by lenders and banks. Rather, the generally accepted amounts on foreclosures are retained by the Mortgage Bankers Association.

Current Foreclosure Information

The MBA, a national association that represents the mortgage banking industry, has monitored foreclosures since 1990. Current information on foreclosures and mortgage delinquencies are seen at the agency’s Web page,”Economic Outlook and Forecasts.” A wealth of research, predictions and remarks are found through the hyperlinks provided on this page.

Depression-Era Information

A 2008 post by David C. Wheelock, an economist at the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, mentioned yearly reports issued by the Federal Home Loan Bank Board throughout the 1930s. These reports reveal the foreclosure rate exceeded 1 percent from 1931 until 1935. In the bottom point in the Depression-era economic crisis, in 1933, about 1,000 home loans were being placed in foreclosure by banks every day.


Another important source of foreclosure data is RealtyTrac, a prominent California-based organization that reports present amounts. The data cited comprises the monthly number of new foreclosures, the monthly number of foreclosures offered and the average selling price of foreclosures. The present statistics are contrasted with those of the last month, or using the same month in the last year, to establish the tendency.

Default Rate

Another measure of the health of the home market is that the speed of loans in default. Such loans are 90 days in arrears, but the houses they secure are not yet in foreclosure. As mentioned by Wheelock, a poll by the Department of Commerce found that 43.8 percent of houses in 22 urban areas were at default. For houses with a second or third mortgage, that this rate had reached 54.5 percent. In contrast, the default speeds throughout the subprime crisis of the early 21st century reached a peak of around 3.6 percent of all residential mortgages.

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Guest Picks: 20 Color-Happy Dining and Kitchen Accessories

With the arrival of summer, I feel like my kitchen needs a jolt of color to bring it back into life and prepare for a period of parties, barbecues and warm, lazy evenings spent sipping cocktails. These neon accessories will make your kitchen enjoyable to work in, although not just more pretty. From handy accessories like silicone spatulas and dishwashing brushes to warm towels beautiful enough to be hung on the wall, those finds help brighten up your own tables both inside and out! — Marie out of Food Nouveau


Melamine Bowls With Plastic Lid, Neon Mix – EUR 46.30

Every kitchen needs a colorful set of mixing bowls. This durable melamine set comes with convenient covers so you can mix and store in just 1 bowl. Perfect for potlucks!


Latticework Tea Towel from Avril Loreti

Avril Loreti is among my preferred textile designers, and I think this new Latticework tea towel is absolutely stunning. It is so gorgeous that I would probably hang it on a wall rather than using it to wash dishes.


Wood Brush – EUR 3

Washing the dishes can be a chore when you use fun tools like colorful gloves or those glowing wooden brushes.


Wooden Salad Bowl Set by Willow & Wind Home of 5, Neon Pink – $169

A fantastic gift for new, youthful and stylish homeowners, this neon-dipped wooden salad bowl set is anything but dull. Not merely are the bowls good to check at, but they’re clever too: The colored part is made of soft, rubbery plastic that is non-slip and durable.


Chelsea Bent Tray With Handles – $37

This contemporary and sleek tray consists of 100 percent recycled wood and features comfortable handles to make carrying food or drinks easy. It will add a healthy splash of color anywhere you take it.


Wooden Cake Forks – $11

These disposable wooden celebration forks are so adorable. I feel like I’d want to wash and reuse them again and again.


Ripe Kumquat Pitcher – $268

This striking handblown glass pitcher is sprinkled with a rain of bright, citrusy granules that gives it texture and color.


Melamine Salad Spoon, STAR Colors – EUR 4.80

These colorful spoons would be spectacular for serving cocktail snacks on a hot summer evening.


Oven Gloves, Gray Jouy – $34.70

These oven gloves are made with a chic Parisian brand that enjoys to introduce fashion from the kitchen. I believe the juxtaposition of this Toile de Jouy layout along with the neon pink iconic chick is absolutely irresistible.


Watercolor Flora Tea Towel – $28

Inspired by the patterns found in an original painting, this neon representation of inky blooms would be right at home in any contemporary or modern kitchen.


Triangular Mug Set – $30.99

I am an avid mug collector, and such cups adorned with a multicolor triangular routine have just caught my attention.


Pink and 24-Karat Gold Shot Glass – GBP 17.95

Can a more glamorous shot glass exist? These stunning neon pink and gold eyeglasses will perfectly grace the most trendy tables — and also be good conversation starters!


Rice dk Colored Silicone Spatulas – $17

I am in love with those glowing silicone spatulas in various shapes and sizes. I want to collect all of them.

Pigeon Toe

Scribble Tumbler – $36

These tasteful ceramic tumblers can be personalized: You opt for the color of the inside glaze from 16 lovely and vivid colors.


Il Sacchino F Essent-ial Sack – $25.18

Neon paint dripping all over your lunch bag? I believe that this is a superb pattern idea. The machine-washable newspaper and cellulose bags are extremely versatile and can be employed to save bread, wrap presents, etc..


Darling Clementine Owl Tray – $26.50

This tray features an illustration by a duo of Norwegian designers. I love the unexpected mixture of neutral black and charcoal grey with red and fuchsia, which include just the correct pop of color.

Lisa Stickley

Pinny, Pink Marigold Apron – GBP 15

This apron is female with just the ideal dose of polka dots and blue pink.


Rice dk Melamine Cup – $7.50

These joyful melamine tumblers are fantastic for children, but fun for adults too! They’re the perfect addition to a summery place setting.


Marimekko Noitarumpu Bowl – $17

It is no secret that Marimekko excels in creating colorful patterns. This bold purple, red and fuchsia pattern has been inspired by an old Russian folk tale.


Trio of Wooden Breakfast Trays – $92.96

This trio of laminated wooden trays features abstract prints that pack a punch. Made in Sweden from sustainable birch wood, they’re perfect for carrying your breakfast or utilizing as unusual serving dishes.

Next: Patios Look on the (Truly) Intelligent Side With Neon

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Guest Picks: Sophisticated Bedroom Finds for a Single Guy

I read a post a couple of months back about a new niche group of clients for interior designers — single and educated men seeking to create more trendy living spaces. The standard-issue down comforter, Star Wars and Bob Marley posters, and thrift shop couches are being traded for something a bit more sophisticated. My own single brother asked for artwork for Christmas, so it appears like some growing up has happened. My mother and I recently set out to make a sophisticated and stylish bedroom for my bro, and here’s what we came up with. — Sarah from The Estate of Matters

Thom Filicia Inc..

Thom Filicia has a manner with casual and modern rooms. This is a great example of the mix of neutral, muted tones in what I consider to be a manly area.


Macausland’s Blanket – GBP 175

I keep watching the wool camp blanket over and over again. I adore its homespun appeal mixed with a classic stripe.

Cost Plus World Market

Courtney Bed – $599.99

The marriage of upholstery and wood with this bed will stand the test of time.

Lands’ End

Tailored Hotel Embroidered Dot Duvet Cover – $109

I’d like to use a classic resort sham and sheet set that can pair well with any accent blanket as tastes change.


Rattan Trunk Basket – $598

Stow away pillows, additional bedding or filthy clothes in this rattan trunk positioned at the end of the bed.

West Elm

Supply Kudu Table Lamp – $169

I love the sculptural shape of the lamp. In a subtle manner, in addition, it mimics antlers. It will look great on a tall dresser as part of a vignette.


2013 Moon Calendar at Night Sky Silkscreen Printing by Rendij Studio – $15

I like the picture quality and the deep azure of the lunar poster.


Vintage Electric Fan, Retro Blue by NeOld – $38

Both practical and good looking, this fan has a stunning and glistening deep blue base.

Petite Rustique Bamboo Roman Shade – $32.99

How can you really go wrong with a classic bamboo colour in almost any space? These great-quality sunglasses come in a multitude of widths and therefore are at a excellent price point.

West Elm

Abacus Table Lamp, Clear – $149

The neutral tones of the glass lamp makes it great as a bedside light. I would opt for a pair.


Dreamy Seascape Photo by Eye Poetry Photography – $30

This highly effective seascape print goes over the bed.

West Elm

Veneer Spheres – $16

Here are a few more sculptural accessories for a table or shelf or on top of a pile of books.

One Kings Lane

Pune Wood and Bone Box, Black/Ivory

Your guy can store his watch or other small accessories within this beautiful bone box.


French Directoire Dresser – $1,499

I like the straight lines and weathered finish with this chest.


TĂ„rnby Rug, Flatwoven – $99.99

This is an inexpensive option to cover a larger surface area in the bedroom. It will look great with a traditional over-dyed oriental rug layered for softness.

Rugs USA

Over-Dyed Makah Multi Rug – $2,796

Buy a bigger Persian rug to layer over a huge jute rug so that you can step out of bed onto a softer rug.

Somerton Montecito End Table – $235.20

This instant bedside table has shelves to get a laptop, books or publications.


Hand-Woven Original Silk Ikat Pillow Cover, Dark by Sukan – $49.95

Here’s a picture accent pillow for the bed.

Elton Chair – $499

Utilize a tufted chair for reading or sitting down to wear shoes.

Cost Plus World Market

Tribal Carved Wood Accent Table – $149.99

This is a great accent table to place next to this chair.

Next: A Bedroom for Both of You

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The way to Eliminate a Light Fixture Box to Install a Recessed Light

When installing a recessed light fixture at the place of an existing light fixture you have to remove the old fixture and disconnect and remove the wiring as well as the ceiling box. The method used to eliminate a ceiling box differs depending on the type of box you have. Nail-on ceiling rod mount into the side of a truss or ceiling joist using nails attached to the sides of the box. Bracket boxes use a bracket affixed to the side of the box that attaches to the face of the ceiling joist using attachments. Cut-in boxes utilize a single bracket or numerous brackets that fasten the ceiling box into the drywall.

Removing the Wires

Turn off the power to the ceiling box and remove the lights. Use a voltage tester to verify that the power is off. A voltage tester contains two probes, one that you use to get hold of the lead or hot wire and the other to get in touch with the ground or impersonal. The tester will light up or vibrate, depending on the model.

Determine how many wires are in the box. It’s crucial to identify how many sets of wires and how they are connected before you remove them. If there’s more than one set of cable in the box, you’ll have to disconnect them from each other before removing them from the box. It’s important that the wires are reconnected in the new recessed fixture’s junction box in exactly the same fashion in order that all circuits will continue to work.

Remove the cable or wires in the box by first loosening and removing any cable nuts, using your hands, and independent connected wires utilizing a pair of pliers. Next, you have to loosen any clamps that secure them into the ceiling box. Metallic boxes use a screw and clamp securing the cable to the box. Loosen the screw with an applicable type of screwdriver, normally a slotted one, and push the cable through the opening at the box and into the void behind the drywall. If the box is either plastic or composite material, then it might have a plastic flap beside the entrance hole that secures the cable to the box. Use a slotted screwdriver and pry the flap away from the cable while simultaneously pushing the cable into the void at the ceiling.

Cut-In Boxes

Determine which type of cut-in box you have. Round boxes of this variety have a screw at the middle of the rear of the box. Square cut-in boxes have screws situated on opposite corners that, when loosened, release plastic wings that enable the box to be removed from the ceiling.

Loosen the mounting screws using an applicable type of screwdriver.

Remove the box in the ceiling.

Nail-on Boxes

Wedge a little, flat pry bar or slotted screwdriver between the box and ceiling joist to eliminate.

Apply steady pressure on the tool to pry the box in the ceiling joist.

Remove the box in the ceiling after it is detached from the ceiling joist.

Bracketed Boxes

Determine the place of this ceiling box mount. Because the mount attaches to the face of the ceiling joist under the drywall, you have to lower the drywall to reveal the mounting bracket.

Use a utility knife to cut the masonry around the mounting bracket on the ceiling box. Be careful and start with a little region to minimize drywall damage.

Remove the mounting screws or nails securing the bracket to the ceiling joist to publish the ceiling box.

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Repairing an Interlocking Floor

Among the benefits of the interlocking wood or laminate flooring is it is usually not ripped down, making repair less of a challenge compared to traditional hardwood or pasted flooring. Occasionally it’s important to mend an interlocking flooring if the timber suffers wear and tear over time, like warping in warmer, more humid temperatures, or splitting age. With the right tools you’ll be able to fix almost every problem that comes up with time, maintaining your flooring in high-quality condition for a long time to come.

Loose Planks

If you’re up against a laminate interlocking flooring installed in a floating format, the tongue-and-groove system utilized to lock the pieces together isn’t glued or nailed down. Instead, the pieces are stacked against each other and the snap-together components hold everything in position. Over time, there’s the possibility that these pieces may jar loose with heavy foot traffic. A rubber mallet is the only tool required to resolve this issue. Begin with the very first piece where you notice something loose, and tap the upcoming adjacent piece tight against the initial one using a rubber mallet. Work your way from that point, tapping each following piece tight using all the one at the row previous until you reach the wall. You might need to remove trim pieces on one end of the ground to access the ends of the laminatefloors A tough rubber tapping block using a sloping end helps prevent damage to the boards.

Wood Putty and Caulking

If your flooring have started to crack with age or drying out, then there’s an easier alternative than repairing a piece, provided the cracks are minimal — less than 1/8 inch wide and never growing with time. Locate a matching color of wood putty and use a putty knife or your finger to press wood putty down to the cracks. However, putty is only a temporary fix and isn’t helpful in cracks which are continually growing. The best choice is to wait at least six months after a new floor installation or after you first see the cracks appear to make sure they aren’t likely to grow anymore, which is a symptom of the underlying motion problem. Another option, and also a more flexible alternative, is a polyurethane caulk. Once you realize the cracks are not moving, use your preferred filler to topically fix the issue.

Removing Individual Pieces

Most flooring professionals speed replacing and removing individual pieces in an interlocking floor to be one of the most difficult facets of flooring repair, especially if you’re up against an interlocking hardwood flooring that is also nailed down. First, cut the center out of the slice you want to remove using a jigsaw or rotary tool, which gives you distance to disconnect the two halves in the rows on either side. After disconnected, then slide them into the center where you eliminated a section to generate space, then remove the pieces and clear from the person department.

Re-installing Individual Pieces

After removal, a replacement piece needs to be re-installed, and there’s very little margin for error because the smaller you cut the slice, the more of a difference there will be after it is installed, which may lead to loose pieces in the surrounding region. The replacement piece needs to be cut tight to fit, making getting it back in hopeless unless you cut off the tongue from one end of the slice, thus only interlocking with one border when you install the replacement piece. Alternatively, cut the slice slightly tight, remove the the tongue and groove from either side, and slip it into place using glue. You will find a variety of glues useful in this setting to help hold the piece in place, plus you are able to face nail it using finish nails for extra security and strength, countersinking and capping the nails using wood putty to hide the patch.

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The way to Connect a 3-Prong Stove Cord

When you purchase a new stove, you may be surprised to discover it was not provided with a power cord. Due to changes made to the National Electrical Code in 1996, stove manufacturers have no way to know if you have a three-prong or four-prong socket installed at your home, which means you have to install a cord on your stove to match your socket. Joining a three-prong cord to your stove is not much different than joining a four-prong, but a three-prong cord is not color-coded, which makes it a bit more complex.

Remove the hex-head screws holding the cover panel to the bottom back of the stove using a screwdriver or nut driver. Remove the cover to expose the 3 electrical connections on the terminal block.

Start looking for the circular opening at the sheet metal beneath the terminal block. Slide the horizontal ends of a strain-relief connector up through the hole, therefore the screws on the strain-relief connector are around the exterior of the stove.

Remove the 3 hex-head screws in the terminal block. Set the screws aside.

Slide the ring terminals on the ends of the three-prong stove cord up through the strain-relief connector. Line up the ring terminal on the stove cord’s middle wire with the middle screw opening on the terminal block. Thread one of the hex head screws through the ring terminal and into the terminal block hole. Tighten the hex-head screw.

Connect the stove cord’s right wire to the right terminal hole opening the terminal block. Connect the cord’s left wire to the left terminal hole opening the block. Use the hex-head screws to secure the left and right cord wires to the terminal block.

Tighten the two screws on the strain-relief connector to hold the three-prong stove string to the rear of the stove. Replace the cover and secure it using the hex head screws you removed above.

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How to Refinance & Get an FHA Loan

The Federal Housing Administration (FHA), a Part of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), insures loans. When a borrower defaults on an FHA product, the government steps in and repays the creditor the delinquent amount. Homeowners in various scenarios may be eligible for an FHA loan. Considering that the home crash and mortgage catastrophe that took hold across the nation beginning in 2007, the FHA has focused a significant part of its efforts on struggling homeowners.

Speak to a participating FHA lender. HUD and the FHA don’t lend money. The government guarantees loans approved by banks offering FHA products. Since FHA notes on its site, homeowners generally look to FHA refinancing if they are struggling in their present mortgage.

Ask the FHA lender you contact about the government’s choices for homeowners who owe more on their mortgage than their home is worth. Effective September 7, 2010, FHA lenders can provide eligible homeowners that are present but”submerged” in their current mortgage the opportunity to refinance into a FHA fixed-rate item. Under the policy, lenders must agree to forgive at least 10 percent of the balance on a submerged homeowner’s first mortgage, bringing the worth of his loan down to a max of 115 percent of his residence’s present price.

Compile documentation that verifies your employment and income history, such as tax returns and pay stubs. Make sure your credit report is in order. You can acquire a free copy from each of the significant credit reporting agencies in the yearly Credit Report site. Prepare to describe any credit flaws. While FHA products are widely known for their stringent qualifying standards relative to conventional loans, you still should prove you could make the payments on your refinanced loan.

Check eligibility standards for the FHA underwater refinance option. By way of example, HUD reports that debtors should have a FICO credit score of at least 500 to qualify.

Compare yourself against current FHA approvals if you are trying to find a loan aside from the underwater refinance option available at September 2010. Since points out, you might want to take into account an FHA loan if you are in an adjustable-rate mortgage with a monthly payment that become unaffordable. To qualify for an FHA refinance outside of a unique program, however, you might require a fantastic credit score. In June 2010, HUD reports that the average FICO score of debtors approved for an FHA refinance was 694. FHA lenders approved almost 30,000 refinance applications in June 2010; over 20,000 were adjustments from conventional to FHA loans.

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How to Rent a Single-Family Home

Tenants who lease a single-family home rather than a flat in a multifamily home enjoy more solitude, yard area and silent. A house also gives most tenants a larger sense of homeyness and permanence, even if the ultimate aim is home ownership or a eventual move into another rental. Make the practice of locating your home, completing your rental program and preparing to sign your rental faster and more efficient by following a few basic steps.

Know how much rent you can pay. A safe guideline is 25 to 30 percent of your gross monthly earnings. Proportionately higher rent reduces the chance your program will be accepted because it increases the risk that you’ll default on your rental.

Collect documents before you start taking a look at houses, you’ll need for your program. Prospective landlords may want to view pay stubs, several months’ worth of bank statements, a current –not older than 30 days–credit file, and references from your employer and present landlord.

Pick when you’d love to move in the house and for how long you want to lease it. Most leases begin on the first of this month and expire after a year. But it is frequently possible to add a clause to the rental allowing you to occupy the house early to get a pro-rated lease amount. Some landlords offer yearly leases.

Research available houses, and schedule appointments to look at the ones you’re most curious about. Many resources are available. Free online classifieds are the principal source of rental listings in many cities. There are lots of sites dedicated particularly to single-family houses that real estate brokers, property managers and private owners list for lease. Real estate professionals, including rental listing referral agents and rental residence and apartment locators, may charge a fee for their services. In the end, newspaper classifieds continue to be a popular source of ads for rental houses.

Submit an application just after you have read the rental and decided the terms are okay. You may negotiate the terms.

Walk through the house after your application is approved, and observe any damage prior to signing the rental. This step is especially important in a single-family residence, as problems can go unnoticed. Make sure that the faucet runs hot water. Inspect ceilings for water stains. Start looking for indications of moisture from the basement, for example water stains along the lower parts of the walls and a musty odor that could signify mold. Have the landlord clarify items of concern and also signal the list of defects to ensure you will not be billed for them as soon as the lease expires.

Bring a cashier’s check for the total amount because of your rental signing. Most landlords require first and last months’ rent, plus a security deposit equivalent to one month’s lease.

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